What are Breast Buds?

Written by Lori Reichel, Ph.D.

  |  Reviewed by Hina J. Talib, MD

Breast budding is when the breast tissue and milk glands begin to grow in a young person’s body. Usually, this growth begins with a hard nickel-sized lump forming underneath the nipples.

Breast budding is a sign that a young person’s breasts are beginning their development; this is typically a first sign that a person’s assigned female at birth are beginning to go through puberty. At times, the breast area may be sore and tender, yet these feelings usually go away over time. Soreness may also occur right before a period starts; sometimes this is referred to as a symptom of PMS (Premenstrual syndrome) and often goes away after the period is over.

Tips to help with breast budding
  • Realize you are going through puberty. This is a natural and normal experience for many young people.
  • To lessen soreness, attempt to eat nutritious food, exercise regularly, get enough sleep, and practice relaxation exercises. These healthy habits help all of our bodies’ hormones be healthier.
  • Be aware that eating some foods may increase breast soreness, including foods or drinks with caffeine, a lot of sugar, or a lot of salt.
  • If you are concerned about soreness, talk to a trusted person, including asking to speak with a medical professional. This person can include your school’s nurse.
  • If you are interested, consider checking out bras. Bras can help to provide support for breasts and there are various types of bras to wear depending upon preferences.

For more information on how to care for and support your breasts and nipples, visit the Breast & Nipple Care section of BLOOM’s Healthy Body page.